Completed Projects

Walkways Project

RoheNgatiApa: 56km between arrows

2006 - 2008  |  Ngā Pae o te Māramatanga

The project looked at traditional lands used by our tūpuna (ancestors) within the Ngāti Apa region. The focus was on 56km of coastal boundary of the rohe (region). The project gathered whakapapa kōrero for the area and worked with whānau to research the traditional uses.


The Kaupapa Māori research project aimed to:

  • Research tangata whenua knowledge;
  • Research ecological, archaeological, oral and historical knowledge; and
  • Research understandings of kaitiakitanga in the current day.

While there is an understanding of ‘our rohe’, there are multiple owners and interest within Ngāti Apa. Is kaitiakitanga able to be revived? And if so how is kaitiakitanga defined by our whānau, hapū and iwi? The walkway was used historically by hapū, as pathways to mahinga kai (food-gathering) and pā (village or defensive settlement) sites.

Wānanga with our whānau was conducted, beginning at Kauangaroa Marae and ending at Mangamāhu. We began with kōrero about significant sites around Kauangaroa then moved into the Mangamāhu area where Chris Shenton, an iwi researcher for Te Rūnanga o Ngāti Apa, shared his knowledge of the site. 

Educational resources that were created from the findings include:

  • Whitiahua (film) – Interviewing knowledgeable people, visiting/filming the site, how to research the information and displays the importance of our waiata tawhito and how much kōrero is held within them; and
  • Pukapuka (booklet) – Follows the theme of the film, utilising written and pictorial research methods.

Researchers: Justin Gush, Jim Puki, Dr Cherryl Smith

Publications List

Kaitiakitanga Tuatahi film by Te Atawhai o Te Ao 

Kaitiakitanga Tuarua film by Te Atawhai o Te Ao