He moumou kai, he moumou tāngata: Kai governance, kai sovereignty and the (re)production of kai — Enhancing culturally matched outcomes A research report prepared for Ngā Pae o te Māramatanga

Fiona K. Wiremu, Dr Rāwiri Tinirau, Dr Annemarie Gillies, Prof Graham Hingangaroa Smith, Mate Heitia, Dr Cherryl Waerea-i-te-Rangi Smith, Julia Coates & Courtney O’Sullivan

This report focusses on kai as a culturally defined Māori notion, and examines ways in which Māori are protecting, maintaining, and regaining control over their kai sources, kai systems, and kai practices. A literature review built on Māori and Indigenous perspectives of kai and a transforming framework of culturally matched outcomes (traditional and customary) based on āhuatanga Māori (Māori attributes) according to tikanga Māori kai practices (Smith, 2011; Talbot, 2011; Tawhai, 2013), kai sovereignty, and kai security (Agarwal 2014; Edelman et al., 2014; Hutchings, 2015; Moeke-Pickering et al., 2015; Shirley, 2013; Stein et al., 2017) in the (re)production of kai will be used to analyse kai initiatives. The intention is to position this research so that it has the potential to inform government policy, planning and debate that protects, maintains, and retains control by Māori over their kai sources, kai systems, and kai practices.

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